Govt To Spend Shs188.3B For Indoor Residual Spraying

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Government is set to spend 188.3 billion shillings to carry out Indoor residual spraying against Malaria in all households across the country.

Dr Elioda Tumwesigye, the state minister for health and general duties
Dr Elioda Tumwesigye, the state minister for health and general duties

It is one of the malaria control interventions in Uganda. Malaria causes an estimated 660,000 deaths worldwide every year. In Uganda, an estimated 100,000 die annually, majority of the victims are children.

The World Health Organization recommends it for high transmission settings, high risk areas like camps and epidemic prone areas.

The WHO also recommends universal coverage with indoor residual spraying if at least 80 percent of the targeted premises can be sprayed and the spraying is sustained for at least three years.

Dr Elioda Tumwesigye, the state minister for health and general duties says the spraying exercise, which will involve the use of Carbamates also known as Bendiocarb will cost 25,000 shilling per household.

Carbamates is currently being used in Northern Uganda.

Indoor residual spraying is used to compliment the use of insecticide mosquito treated nets and artesunate treatment. While appearing before the health committee last week, Dr Elioda said the Ministry has taken note of suggestions by members to use DDT and icon which are much cheaper compared to Carbamates.

He however, says Malaria Control Programme has been tasked to thoroughly carry out examinations so as to avoid repeats of DDT results and effects.

In June, this year during the budget speech Maria Kiwanuka the Finance Minister stated that government was developing and implementing a comprehensive strategy for malaria eradication to build on current efforts of prevention, diagnosis and treatment.

A new report on malaria suggests that targeting mosquito larvae and pupae as they mature in stagnant water could be an important supplementary measure in the fight against the disease.

Researchers in the UK and US say if found, evidence of use of Larval Source Management may significantly reduce both the number of cases of malaria by up to 75%, and the proportion of people infected with the malaria parasite by up to 90% when used in appropriate settings.

Larval Source Management is a method that targets immature mosquitoes before the females develop into flying adults that are capable of transmitting malaria. This is done by permanently removing stagnant water, for example by draining or filling land and making temporary changes to mosquito habitats to disrupt breeding.

For example by clearing drains to make the water flow or larviciding by adding chemicals or biological larvicides to standing water to kill larvae.

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