The Inspector General of Police, Gen Kale Kayihura continues to defend what has been described as the militarisation of the police force which the opposition and Non-Governmental organisations say is unconstitutional.
Immediately after Gen Kayihura was made head of the police, the public became aware of the introduction of a military course into the police training.
Militarisation in the Oxford dictionary is defined as giving the ‘police’ a military character or style.
With militarisation, law enforcement becomes an aggressive army, adopting the weapons and attitudes of the battlefield for policing internal streets.
Ms Beatrice Anywar, the woman MP Kitgum District says, police should change its way of working and drop the aggressive character and use of weapons and tear gas.
However, Gen Kayihura insist that with an increase of civilians with military background, veterans of different armies, Iraq returnees among other, the police whose duty is to prevent crime and enforce law and order ought to be trained enough to deal with the evolving society.
The police act, section 4(1) gives the police authority mandate to advice the president and have the police perform military services thus making militarisation constitutional.
In 2011, police was captured on video and in photos brutally arresting opposition leader Dr Kizza Besigye. The state Minister for Internal Affairs, Mr James Baba says the ministry is working around the clock to check any police excesses and bad image.
Following the post colonialism era in Uganda which was characterised with soldiers on the street and extra judicial killings, the population was taught that soldiers in the streets bring conflictand tyranny.
As a result, government has been working to keep the military out of law enforcement.
Radley Balko, the author of Rise of the Warrior cops; militarisation of America’s police force paints a picture of an America where militarisation of police has been effected.
He says, ‘over thelast several decades, America’s cops have increasingly come to resemble groundtroops. The consequences have been dire: the home is no longer a place ofsanctuary, the Fourth Amendment has been gutted, and police today have beenconditioned to see the citizens they serve as an other—an enemy’.